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Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary (Keoladeo Ghana National Park)


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Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary also known as Keoladeo Ghana National Park is one of prominent bird sanctuary in the world. Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is a very popular birding spot in India. It is the largest bird sanctuaries in Asia. It was founded in the year 1956 and was declared as a national park on 10 March 1982. It is among one of the best bird sanctuaries.  

The sanctuary is a very peaceful place to watch unique Indian and foreign birds. Different types of migratory birds come here from Russia and Siberia during winters. This sanctuary covers an area of about 29 square kms. In this sanctuary more than 280 species of birds are found.

This sanctuary is visited by more than 300 species of water birds every year like
the rare Siberian cranes from Siberia and the migratory birds from Afghanistan, Tibet, Central Asia.

Keoladeo Ghana National Park

Different varities of migratory birds who visit the sanctuary include Brahminy ducks, herons, Siberian crane, geese, pelicans, egrets, ibis etc.

History of Keoladeo Ghana National Park

Keoladeo is derived from an ancient Hindu temple which is devoted to Lord Shiva, which is situated at the centre of the park. 'Ghana' means dense, which exactly means thick forest, which used to cover the area. This national park is one of the best duck shooting wetlands in the world. It was also the hunting area for the royal family of Bharatpur. A residence has also been built by Maharaja in Keoladeo. During ancient times, Bharatpur town gets flooded regularly at every monsoon. To save the town, from the floods an earthen dam (Ajan Dam) was built in the year 1760. Afterwards, the misery which is due to the extraction of soil was finally sort out, and this became the Bharatpur Lake.

Important Attractions

Prominent attractions of this park are the various migratory birds which come from Central Asia, Russia and Siberia and spend their winters in Bharatpur. Then these birds return to their homes. These migratory birds include:  Brahminy ducks, herons, Siberian crane, ibis, egrets, painted storks, geese, pelicans, and darters. Animals like Mongoose, Jungle Cat, Fishing Cat, Wild Boar, Chital, Otter, Hyena, Porcupine, Jackal, Rock Python, Nilgai, Leopard, Sambhar, Fox etc are also found in the park. Local birds are also found in the sanctuary like Herons, Blue Jays, Cormorants, Kingfishers, Orioles, Eagles, Harriers, Egrets, Storks, Spoonbills, Warblers, Stints, Wheatears, Parakeets, Larks, Flamingoes, Paradise Flycatchers, Shrikes, Cranes, Buntings, Pipits, Wagtails, Hawks etc.

Best Time to Visit

This sanctuary is opened throughout the year.  Best time to visit Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary for resident breeding birds is from August to November and for migratory birds is from October to February. This sanctuary can be visited on foot or on Rickshaws or one can also hire a Bicycle. Rickshaw riders in the sanctuary are very trained and experienced.


Painted Stork


Great Egret

Group Painted Stork

Park Crane


Spotbill Bird

Rickshaw Ride On Way Ghana National Park


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