One of the
five holy places of the Jain community is Ranakpur which is situated
in a peaceful valley deep in the Aravalis. It is also an important
pilgrimage sites of Jainism. Ranakpur is well-known for its famous
Jain Temples. Ranakpur Jain Temple were founded in the 15th century
under the rule of Rana Kumbha. It is one of the most famous and
largest and Jain temples in India.
Jain temples is one of the most wonderful Jain temple. Each temple
provides an insight into the rich temple architecture of the ancient
times. Most prominent temple of Ranakpur is devoted to Rishabhji.
These temples spreads over an area of 4500 square yards, the basement
of the temple is very large and covers about 48,000 square feet. It is
four faced and has an idol of Adinath inside. There are several
temples inside the complex such as Parsavanath temple, Amba Mata
Temple, Surya Temple and Chaumukha temple. Parsavanath temple is
another prominent attraction which is worth to visit. Parsavanath
temple is famous for its windows which are decorated with Jain
figures. Surya Narayan temple is located nearby Parsavanath temple.
Surya Narayan Temple has numerous wall projections with circular
temple there are 4 small shrines with 80 spires which are supported by
about 420 columns. There are 4 subsidiary shrines, 24 pillared halls
and in all 1444 columns. Each of the columns are elaborately carved
and ornamented with most extensive figures and sculptures which are
different from each other. A special effect is the amazing play of
shadow, light and colours. In the day time with the effect of sun
rays, the color of the pillars changes from gold to pale blue. When
the Mughal Emperor Akbar visited this temple he was full of wonder and
he had made an message on one of the columns, which says, that no one
ever will be allowed to destroy this jewel of the temples.