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Qutub Minar


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Introduction of Qutub Minar

Qutub Minar is the 2nd tallest minar situated in Delhi, it is about 73 metres high and built of marble and red sandstone. It is a five storey building. The stairs of the complex has about 375 steps. Initially, Qutub Minar is an Islamic Monument engraved with Arabic messages is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Qutub Minar dates back to 13th century. It is enclosed by some other ancient and medieval structures and ruins, which were known as the Qutub complex. Qutub Minar is the most famous tower of victory in the world.

Construction of Qutub Minar begins in the year 1192 by Qutb-ud-din Aibak and was carried on by his heir, Iltutmish. Renovation of this tower was done in the year 1368 by Firoz Shah Tughlaq and also in this year the fifth and the last storey of the complex was built.

Qutub Minar

Myth Associated with Qutub Minar

According to a myth the Qutub Minar was founded by Prithviraj Chauhan, the last Chauhan king of Delhi, to enable his daughter to watch the holy river Yamuna, from its top as part of her daily worship.

History of Qutub Minar

Qutub Minar was specially made by Qutb-ud-din Aibak, the first Sultan of Delhi, and was finished by his heir - Iltutmish. The custom of tower architecture was well recognized in India before the arrival of the Turks. Several inscriptions in Parso-Arabic and Nagari personalities in different sections of the Qutub Minar disclose the history of its construction. Qubbat-ul-Islam Mosque situated at the northeast part of the complex, was constructed by Qutb deen Aibak in 1198 AD. It is the earliest mosque founded by the Delhi Sultans. Afterwards, a coffee arched screen was erected and the mosque was expanded by Alauddin Khilji and Iltutmish, together with Mading, Xuyang, Taipingyang and Teentasiya.

The minar has been damaged by lightning strikes and earthquakes various times and has been renovated and modernized by various rulers. Qutub Minar was renovated by Firoz Shah, during his reign when it was damaged. The complex was renovated in 1505 by Sikandar Lodi, when it was damaged by an earthquake.

Qutub Minar was damaged again in the year 1794 and the damaged parts of the complex was renovated by Major Smith who was an engineer. He changed the pavilion of Firoz Shah at the top with his own pavilion. This pavilion was take out by Lord Hardinge in 1848 and now it is placed between the Minar and Dak Bungalow in the garden. The floors which were constructed by Firoz Shah can be differentiated easily as the pavilion was made up of white marble and it is very smooth.

Architecture of Qutub Minar

Qutub Minar is built of red sandstone decorated with elaborate statues and verses from the Qur'an. The first three storeys of the complex were built of red sandstone; the fourth and fifth storeys are made up of sandstone and marble. Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque is at the bottom of the tower which is the first mosque to be built in India.
Some of the prominent buildings in Qutub Complex are Iron Pillar, Qutub Minar, and Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque. Qutub Minar is the highest stone tower and one of the best Islamic structures ever raised in India. Quwwatu'l-Islam Mosque is situated nearby the tower and is one of the most wonderful mosque in the world. Iron Pillar belongs to 4th century AD, it is situated within the mosque complex. Various   inscription are written in Iron Pillar.

Qutub Minar Outside View

Qutub Minar

Qutub Minar Inside View

Qutub Minar Garden


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