was a large and busy town in the medieval period and groups from
Afghanistan, central Asia, Persia and Arabia come here for trade.
Osian was the capital of the Gurjara Pratihara dynasty from 8th to
12th century. Osian was a prominent center of pilgrimage between 8th
and 9th centuries.
This can be known from the surviving Hindu temples
of the Surya (Sun), Vaishnava, and Shakti (mother goddess) sects.
During that period the Brahminical control was very strong in Osian,
later Jainism also prospered in the place through the Gurjara
devotees from all over visit the Osian temple dedicated to the goddess
Sachiyamata. Osian was known as Ukeshpur in the historic times.
Brahmanical Jain temples and Hindu temples are the famous tourist
attractions in Osian. These temples were constructed between 8th and
12th century during the rule of the Gurjara Pratihara dynasty. These
temples are very small and are richly fashioned and magnificently
built. In these temples, each temple has its own distinctive planning,
layout, and design and no two temples are alike in any manner. These
temples were constructed from the stone which was extracted from local
quarries, and has managed to withstand the vagaries of nature for
various centuries. The prominent temple of Osian is situated on a
terrace whose walls are ornamented with Miniatures and mouldings. As
the main shrine of the temple is enclosed by four small shrines, the
temple is called a panchavatan temple. Central projections are there
on the walls of the temple which are carved panels, above the panels
there rise the curved towers topped by an amalaka and pot finial. The
doorways are generally decorated with serpents, scrollwork, and river
On the outskirts of Osian village there are a group of 11 temples
which belongs to 8th-9th centuries. On a hill overlooking the village
the other temples are located which belong to 11th and 12th centuries.
South group includes 3 Harihara Hindu temples. The interior of these
temples is very amazing and these temples are known for the
magnificently decorated walls. South group comprise early 8th century
which is the Surya temple and 11th - 12th century temple which is the
Sachiya Mata Temple. West group of temples comprises a mixture of
Hindu (Vishnu, Pippala Devi and Surya) temples, an 8th century tank
and an 11th century Jain (Mahavira) temple. Jain Mahavira temple is
distinctive among various Osian temples with the vaulted design of its
hall-ceiling. Sachiya Mata temple is the famous temple which was
founded 1178 AD, it has a Shikhar which is clustered by an ambulatory
and a large assembly hall with an elaborate ceiling. The oldest temple
of the group is the Sun temple. Its doorway is considered as one of
the best temple doorways in India.
Osian is well connected by Rail. Nearest
railway station from Osian is at Jodhpur which is about 70 km.
Regularly direct train services are available from Jodhpur to Jaipur,
Bikaner and Kota.
Osian is well connected with various cities by road like Jaipur,
Jodhpur and Bikaner.
Jodhpur domestic airport is the nearby airport from Osian which is
about 70 kms far away from Osian.