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Introduction of Jhansi

Jhansi is a historic city of northern India which is situated about 100 kms south of Gwalior and 30 kms from Datia. Jhansi is famous for the Jhansi fort and its ruler the Rani Laxmi Bai. Jhansi is located in the region of Bundelkhand on the banks of the Pushpavati River in the extreme south of Uttar Pradesh.  Jhansi is a tiny finger of the state of Uttar Pradesh and extends into Madhya Pradesh.

Jhansi is known as
the Gateway to Bundelkhand, it is 292 kms from Lucknow and 415 kms from New Delhi. It has an average altitude of 284 metres (935 feet).

Jhansi is located between the rivers Betwa and Pahuj between North longitudes 2411' and 2557'and East latitudes 7810'and 7925'.

Jhansi Fort

History of  Jhansi

Jhansi city, situated between the rivers Pahunj and Betwa is a symbol of bravery, courage and self respect. It is said that in ancient times Jhansi was a part of the regions Chedi Rashtra, Jejak Bhukit, Jajhoti and Bundelkhand.

Jhansi was a stronghold of the Chandela kings. Balwant Nagar was the name of this place. But in 11th. century Jhansi lost its importance. In 17th. century under Raja Bir Singh Deo of Orchha Jhansi again rose to prominence. Raja Bir Singh Deo had good relations with the mughal emperor Jehangir. In 1613 Raja Bir Singh Deo constructed the Jhansi fort. He died in 1627. After his death his son Juhar Singh succeeded him.

Maharaja Chattrasal Bundela of Panna was a good administrator and a brave warrior. In 1729 Mohammed Khan Bangash attacked Chattrasal. Peshwa Baji Rao(I ) helped Maharaja Chattrasal and defeated mughal army. As a mark of gratitude Maharaja Chattrasal offered a part of his state to Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao(I). Jhansi was also included in this part.

In 1742 Naroshanker was made the subedar of Jhansi. During his tenure of 15 years he not only extended the Jhansi fort which was of strategic importance but also constructed some other buildings. The extended part of the fort is called Shankergarh. In 1757 Naroshanker was called back by the Peshwa. After him Madhav Govind Kakirde and then Babulal Kanahai were made the subedars of Jhansi.

In 1766 Vishwas Rao Laxman was made the subedar of Jhansi. His period was from 1766 to 1769. After him Raghunath Rao (II) Newalkar was appointed the subedar of Jhansi. He was a very able administrator. He increased the revenue of the state. The MahaLakshmi Temple and the Raghunath Temple were built by him. For his own residence he constructed a beautiful building Rani Mahal in the city. In 1796 Raghunath Rao passed the subedari in favour of his brother ShivRao Hari.

In 1803 a treaty was signed between East India company and Maratha.After the death of Shiv Rao his grand son Ramchandra Rao was made subedar of Jhansi. He was not a good administrator. Ramchandra Rao died in 1835. After his death Raghunath Rao (III) was made his successor. In 1838 Raghunath Rao (III) also died. The British rulers then accepted Gangadhar Rao as the Raja of Jhansi. Due to the inefficient administration during the period of Raghunath Rao (III) the financial position of Jhansi was very critical.

Raja Gangadhar Rao was a very good administrator. He was very generous and full of sympathy. He gave very good administration to Jhansi. During his period the local population of Jhansi was very satisfied.

In 1842 Raja Gangadhar Rao married Mannikarnika. After this marriage Mannikarnika was given the new name Lakshmi Bai, who led forces against British in 1857. She sacrificed her life to the cause of Indian Independence in 1858.

In 1861 the British Government gave the Jhansi fort and Jhansi city to JiyajiRao Scindia. Jhansi was then became a part of Gwalior state. In 1886 Britishers took back Jhansi from Gwalior state.

Tourist Attraction in Jhansi

Important tourist attractions in Jhansi are Rani Mahal, Chhatri of Gangadhar Rao, Jhansi fort and Government Museum.

Rani Mahal

Rani Mahal is also known as palace of Queen Laxmi Bai, it has now changed into a museum. It is a fine piece of traditional architecture. It has a large collection of archaeological remains of the period between 9th and the 12th century AD and the statues excavated by the Archaeological Survey of India. Attractive wall paintings grace the ceiling on the first floor of the palace.

Jhansi fort
Jhansi fort was founded by King Bir Singh Judeo of Orchha in the 17th century on the top of a hill as an army stronghold. The fort has been a witness to the fiery battle led by Queen Laxmi Bai. From its walls Jhansi Fort offers amazing views. The fort consists of a tier of walls which varies in height from 5.5 m to 9 m.
They are built of solid stonework and have ten gates: Sagar, Unao, Datia, Baragaon, Khanderao, Orchha, Lakshmi, Sainyar, Jhirna and Bhander. There is also a shrine inside the fort which is attended by a priest. Beautiful shrines of Ganesha and Lord Shiva are inside the fort. Karak Biji and Bhawani Shankar guns of the queen are also kept here.

Chhatri of Gangadhar Rao
The Chhatri of Gangadhar Rao, Rani Laxmi Bai's husband stands in a walled area. This Chhatri is centred around a pavilion. It has a calm and nostalgic feet around it. A door leads to a reservoir or tank where local men bathe.

Government Museum
In the Government Museum there are collections of terracottas, paintings, coins, bronzes, manuscripts, dresses, statues, photographs and weapons that represent the Chandela dynasty and a picture galley, are the main features of the Government museum. Folk art gallery of the Museum is charming with its exhibits of finger painting from the walls of village huts. The museum remains closed on Mondays and second Saturday of every month.

Other Places of Interest in Jhansi
Other prominent places in Jhansi are: Shri Kali Temple, Narayan Bagh, Jari Ka Math, Garhmau Lake, Shrine of St. Jude Church, Laxmi Bai Park, Laxmi Temple, Karguan Jain Temple, Gangadhar Rao-Ki-Chhatri, Laxmi Tal, Barua Sagar & Fort etc.

Jhansi Fort

Jhansi Fort

Rani Mahal

Rani Mahal

Tourist Excursions in Jhansi

Todi Fathepur
The Todi Fathepur fort is built on a hillock. It covers an area of 5 acres and is surrounded by three massive stone walls. This fort is divided into four major parts known as Gusain Mahal, Ranwas, Rajgarh Palace and the Rang Mahal Palace.

Distance from Jhansi = 66 Km. Samthar which was formerly know as Samshergarh. Samthar was an independent principality under the great Gujar warriors. The independent state of Samthar was created by Chandrabhan Bar Gujar and his grand son Madan singh, Governors of the state of Datia.

Datia (M.P.)
Distance from Jhansi = 28 Km. Datia, an ancient town, mention in the Mahabharat as "Daityavakra". It is a pilgrimage spot for devotees of Siddhapeeth Shri Peetambra Devi. The other places of interest are seven-storied palace of Raja Bir singh Ju Deo built atop a hill and the Gopeshwar Temple.

Aricha Dam
Distance from Jhansi = 25 Km on the Jhansi-Kanpur National Highway No.25. Paricha Dam is built on the river Betwa. Its reservoir - a placid stretch of water that runs to Notghat Bridge which is 34 Km. away. This is an ideal place not only for water sports but also for adventure seekers and picnickers. The whole area is rich in scenic beauty and holds the promise of an unforgettable holiday.

Distance from Jhansi = 24 Km. (approx) on the route to Khajuraho. Baruasagar named after a large lake called Baruasagar Tal. This lake was created about 260 years ago when Raja Udit Singh of Orcha erected and embankment. A fort was built by him. The ruins of two old Chandela Temples, made of granite, are on the north-east of the lake. The older one is called Ghughua Math. Nearby is the later Gupta period temple called Jarai-Ka-Math. This is dedicated to Lord Shiva and Devi Parvati.


Jhnasi Museum




How to Reach Jhansi

By Rail:
Jhansi is well connected to major cities of country by regular trains. The nearest railway station for Deogarh is Jakhalaun about 13 km, which can be reached by Jhansi-Babina passenger train.

By Road:
Jhansi is well connected with a good network of roads. Jhansi is located on the National Highways 25 and 26. It is also connected with all major cities like Agra, Orchha, Datia, Lucknow, Delhi and Khajuraho.

By Air:
No regular flights operate from other major cities of the country to Jhansi. The nearest airports is located in Gwalior, about 98 km from Jhansi.


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