Jaipur - Jaipur Tour

Rajasthani Women

    

                 Jaipur Sightseeing & Places of Interest

Welcome

Rajasthan Tours

31 Days Rajasthan Tour
28 Days Rajasthan Heritage Tour
24 Days Forts and Palaces Tour
19 Days Rajasthan & North India
18 Days Rajasthan Round Trip
17 Days Rajasthan Vacations

17 Days Rajasthan Tour
17 Days Rajasthan Palace Tour
16 Days Rural Rajasthan Tour
16 Days Rajasthan With Pushkar
16 Days Cultural Rajasthan Tour
15 Days Hadoti Tour
 
14 Days Rajasthan Heritage Tour
14 Days Rajasthan Short Tour
14 Days Rajasthan and Goa
13 Days Rajasthan Holidays
13 Days Honeymoon Tour
13 Days Desert Tour
 
12 Days Rajasthan Desert Tour
11 Days Wild Life Tour
11 Days Shekhawati Desert Tour
11 Days Rajasthan Tour
11 Days Golden Triangle & caves
10 Days Rajasthan Desert Triangle
 
10 Days Rajasthan and Agra Tour
8 Days Taj Mahal Tour
8 Days Taj Mahal and Wildlife
8 Days Rajputana Tour
8 Days Triangle with Mandawa
8 Days Delhi-Jaipur-Agra Tour
 
7 Days Rajasthan Tour
7 Days Imperial Rajasthan
7 Days Desert City Tour
6 Days Mountain Tour
5 Days Rajasthan Tour
5 Days Pushkar & Udaipur Tour
 
4 Days Sariska Tour
4 Days Rajasthan Tour
4 Days Pinkcity Tour
4 Days Desert Tour
Cooking in Rajasthan
 
Ayurveda and Yoga Tour
16 Days Ayurveda Tour 
12 Days Ayurveda Tour
Learn Hindi
Rajasthan Buddhist Tour
 

City Palace Jaipur

Introduction of Jaipur

Jaipur is a busting capital city and a business centre with all metropolis of modern Rajasthan but still flavoured with an age old charm that never fails to surprise a traveler. The old jaipur painted in pink can attract any visitor with admiration. It is the vibrant capital city of Rajasthan. It covers an area of about 64.75 square km and is situated at an elevation of 431 meters above sea level.   This city sits on dry lake bed in a dry landscape which is enclosed by the Aravallis and protected by the Nahargarh Fort. Some of the buildings in the old city are in pink color due to this Jaipur is popularly known as the "Pink city".
Best Season to visit Jaipur is from November to March. Common languages which spoken in Jaipur are Rajasthani, Marwari, English and Hindi.

In summers the temperature is about 45 degree Celsius and it is about 7 degree Celsius in winters. Temperature in Summers is around 45 degree Celsius and in winters it is around 7 degree Celsius.

History of Jaipur

The royal city of Jaipur owes its name, foundations and careful planning to the great warrior and astronomer, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II who was a Kachwala Rajput. He ruled Jaipur from 1699-1744. The ancient capital of Rajasthan was Amber, which lies at a distance of 11 km from Jaipur but in 1727 the foundation of Jaipur was laid and from Amber the capital was shifted to Jaipur. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II felt the need of shifting his capital city with the increase in population and shortage of water. Jaipur is the first planned city of India and the King took huge interest while designing this city of victory. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II of the Kachchwaha clan of Rajputs ruled the city from the year 1699 to 1744. In this land, towering forts were built to protect the capital from the enemy and battles were fought by the great rulers.

 
Tourist Attraction in Jaipur

Prominent tourist attractions in Jaipur are Amber Fort, Nahargarh Fort, Hawa Mahal, City Palace, Jaigarh Fort, Jantar Mantar, Laxmi Narayan Temple, Albert Hall, Galata Ji, Jal Mahal, Raj Mandir (Movie Theatre) and Rambagh Palace. Nahargarh Fort is located on the edge of the Aravalli Hills overlooking the pink city of Jaipur. From the fort amazing view of jaipur city can be seen. Raj Mandir Cinema is a well-known movie theater in Jaipur.

City Palace

Albert Hall

Amber Fort

Laxmi Narayan Temple

Galta Ji

Hawa Mahal

Jaigarh Fort

Jal Mahal

Jantar Mantar

Rambagh Palace

JAIPUR (Places of Interest)
Surrounded by embattled walls with rugged hills on three sides, Jaipur, the rose-pink capital of Rajasthan, is one of the most picturesque cities in India and a favourite with tourists.
Jaipur is situated on the Delhi-Ahmedabad route of the Western Railway. It is 307 km. (191 miles) from Delhi, 1,118 km. (695 miles) from Bombay via Ahmedabad (broad gauge) and 1,157 km. (719 miles) via Sawai Madhopur (metre gauge). Good metalled roads connect it with Delhi and Agra. A regular air service places Jaipur within a brief flying time from Delhi.
Jaipur takes its name from its founder, Sawai Jai Singh (1699-1743), a prince, soldier, astronomer and builder. While still a boy of thirteen, Jai Singh succeeded to the throne of Amber, the former capital of the Kachhawa Rajputs. He was well-versed in Sanskrit and Persian and was deeply interested in mathematics and astronomy. He wrote several treatises on astronomy, law and history. The great observatories at Jaipur, Delhi, Ujjain and Banaras still bear witness to his scientific genius.
Jai Singh ascended the throne of Amber in 1699 when Aurangzeb, the great Mughul, was the ruling monarch in Delhi. There is an interesting story about the first meeting between the two. As was the custom in those days, the new ruler went to Delhi to pay his respects to the Emperor. In the durbar hall, as Jai Singh raised his hand to proffer his presents to the Emperor, Aurangzeb unexpectedly flew into a temper of rage. He jumped from his seat and thundered forth ‘‘Your ancestors gave us much trouble and were disloyal. Now, say, what you deserve of me before saying what you desire.” For a brief moment, Jai Singh looked almost stunned. Then, Aurangzeb, firmly grasped both the outstretched hands of the prince in his right hand and in an ironic tone continued. “Tell me what use are your arms now?”
‘‘Your Imperial Majesty,” replied Jai Singh calmly, “during a wedding, the bridegroom takes the bride’s hand in one of his own and he is duty bound to protect her for life. Now that the Emperor of India has taken my two hands in his right hand, what have I to fear! With your Majesty’s long arms to protect me, what other arms do I stand in need of?”
So greatly was Aurangzeb impressed by the young ruler’s presence of mind and ready wit that he drew him near the throne and said: “You excel your ancestore, Jai Singh I, in intelligence and ability. Indeed, you are Sawai (one-and-a-quarter times) Jai Singh”. Let this be the title for you and your successors.”
Soon after he came to the throne, Jai Singh realised the need for moving the seat of his government from the hill-girt palace of Amber which was the capital of his ancestors for almost six centuries. He had come to feel that the changed pattern of life under the impact of new social and economic forces had made Amber unsuitable as the capital for the future. Moreover, the methods of warfare had also undergone a change and it was no longer considered necessary to seek security in mountain fortresses.
Sawai Jai Singh, therefore, decided to build a new and much larger city on the plains adjoining the range of hills at Amber. The foundations of Jaipur were laid in November 1727.
Jai Singh’s one ambition was to make Jaipur one of the best planned cities of his time. Accordingly, he obtained the plans of some of the renowned European cities and then made a plan for Jaipur in consultation with the famous astronomers, mathe maticians and architects of his time. The city was built in accordance with the principles of town-planning laid down in the Shilpa Shastras, the ancient Hindu treatises on architecture. Since it was first built by Jai Singh, the city has been improved and beautified from time to time.
The city is surrounded on all sides, except the south, by rugged hills, many of which are crowned with forts and towers. The imposing Nahargarh Fort tops a precipitous hill to the north-west. Also known as Sudarshangarh, it was built by Sawai Jai Singh in 1734 for defence against the attacks of the Marathas. Connected with Jaigarh Fort as Amber, it commands a panoramic view of the valley below.
Rectangular in form, the city is divided into blocks by main roads running north to south and east to west. The blocks are further divided by narrower streets. The main roads are more than 33 m. (110 ft.) in width and the secondary ones about 16 m. (55 ft.). A crenellated wall, about 6 m. (20 ft.) high and 2 m. (9 ft.) thick, enclose the city. It is pierced by 8 gateways. Of the same design, the gateways with two kiosks above the entrance have pink facades worked with white designs.
Even after 200 years, the city retains much of its old charm and atmosphere. Its wide streets are flanked by houses with latticed windows. Their rose-pink colour lends enchantment to the scene which appears almost magical at sunset. In the streets of Jaipur, the visitor will see contrasts which no other town in India can offer. The pavement shops contrast strangely with the elegant business premises on the ground floor of the multi-storeyed buildings. The colourfully dressed men and women from the rural areas mingle with the intellectual and the office workers in Western attire, while the camel, so indispensable in Rajasthan, looks at the latest brand of automobiles
with dignified unconcern. While Jaipur is modernising quickly, particularly since it became the capital of Rajasthan in 1949, it retains much of its old world charm and a touch of the Arabina Nights atmosphere.

Palaces
The City Palace, enclosed by a masonry wall, occupies a seventh of the city’s area. It is entered from the south by the Tripolia Gate and from the east by the Sireh-ki-Deorhi Gate which is the principal entrance. The buildings surrounding the outer court, called the Jaleb Chowk, once housed the personal establishment and offices of the Maharaja. Of the many notable structures inside the Palace enclosure, the Mubarak Mahal, was built by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh II in 1900. Its exterior is adorned with delicate carvings on marble for which Jaipur is justly renowned. In the midst of the adjoining pink coloured court stands the Diwani-i-Khas or Hall of Private Audience. The building was used on cere- monial occasions.
The Diwan-i-Am or Hall of Public Audience – reminiscent of the old princely grandeur – consists of a big hall with double rows of marble columns supporting scalloped arches, and a gallery on one side screened with jali. From the gallery, the royal ladies used to witness the court ceremonials. The ceiling, pillars and arches are embellished with floral design in gold and other colours in the traditional Jaipur style. Formerly a durbar hall, it now houses the Pothikhana or the Maharaja’s private collection of rare paintings and manuscripts. The present Rajasthan State was inaugurated in this Hall on March 30, 1949, by the late Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, one of the leaders of modern India.

The paintings, some of them among the best specimens of Rajasthan’s art, include the portraits of the members of Jaipur’s royal houses, the dancing Radha and Krishna and the Ragmala series – pictorial representation of the different ragas. Outstanding among the manuscripts in the library is the Razmnamah, a Persian translation of the Mahabharata by Abul Fazl, Emperor Akbar’s friend and historian. The text is illustrated with paintings in the Persian style by the renowned artists of Akbar’s court. The manuscript bears the impress of 11 seals affixed by the imperial library. Books written by Sawai Jai Singh and also the translation in Sanskrit of the Arabic version of Euclid’s Elements of Geometry (Rekha Ganit) are available in the library.
To the north-west of the Diwan-i-Khas is the stately Chandra Mahal, a seven-storey cream-white structure towering majestically above the surrounding buildings. The apartments in this palace, built by different rulers from time to time, are sumptuously adorned with paintings and floral decorations and have mirrored walls and ceilings. The ground floor (Chandra Mandir), built by Sawai Jai Singh is decorated with large mural paintings of the Kachhawa rulers. The walls and ceiling of Shobha Nivas are studded with hundreds of coloured mirrors which produce a charming and brilliant effect. A fine view of the city, the surrounding hills and forts is obtained from Mukut Mandir which crowns the palace.
The armoury (Silehkhana) within the palace has, perhaps, the finest collection of old arms in India. The sword of Maharaja Man Singh, the renowned Rajput general of Akbar, weighing about eleven pounds, is an interesting exhibit.
To the north of Chandra Mahal is the famous temple of Govindji, the guardian deity of the rulers of Jaipur. The idol was brought by Sawai Jai Singh from Mathura to save it from Emperor Aurangzeb’s iconoclastic fury and installed in 1734.
Outside the Mubarak Mahal, in the palace compound, is the Jaipur Observatory, popularly known as Yantra, the largest and best preserved of the five observatories built Sawai Jai Singh. Described as a most surrealistic and logical landscape in stone, the massive masonry instruments in the observatory are unique in design. They were designed to measure, among other things, the local time, the Sun’s declination, azimuth and altitude; the declination of fixed stars and planets, and to determine the eclipses. There is also a large sun-dial.

Jai Singh – Scholar and Scientist
Sawai Jai Singh had an intimate knowledge of the works of Hindu and Muslim astronomers and kept himself posted with the progress of the science in
Europe. In his research, however, he did not follow the European astronomers. He had his own scheme of research and the great observatories he built may be described as monuments to a remarkable personality. Such was his passion for astronomy that he used to spend long hours in watching and recording the movements of the heavenly bodies and compared his observations with those of other observatories in order to arrive at the most accurate results. On learning about the advancement of astronomy in Portugal, Sawai Jai Singh sent his own men, with one of the Portuguese missionaries, to the court of King Emmanuel, who sent his envoy Xavier D’Silva with De La Hire’s tables to Jaipur. In his library could be seen the works of all the important astronomers from Arya Bhatt, Brahma Gupta and Bhaskaracharya in India down to Ptolemy, Ulugh and De La Hire in West Asia and Europe.
Sawai Jai Singh’s almanac has given him a high place among the astronomers of the world. Known as Jaz-i-Mohammad Shahi, after Emperor Mohammad Shah, it can be seen in the library of the City Palace.
How to Reach Jaipur

By Rail:
Jaipur is linked by rail with important trains on its principal networks. The main pride of Jaipur is Palace on Wheels, the Royal Train. This special luxury train starts from Delhi and takes a round trip of Rajasthan.

By Road:

Jaipur is well connected by road to all the major destinations of India. An excellent road network facilitates comfortable travel to and from Jaipur. Ordinary buses, Deluxe Buses, and AC coaches are available for the convenience of the passengers. Main bus station of Jaipur is Sindhi Camp Bus Stand which is about one km from the Jaipur Railway Station.

By Air:
Jaipur is connected with major metropolitan cities of India like Kolkata, Bombay, Madras, and Delhi. It is also linked with other cities of Rajasthan through regular flights of Jet Airways, Sahara Airlines and Indian airlines.

 

31 Days Rajasthan Tour (Including Jaipur)
31 Days / 30 Nights

Delhi - Alwar - Deeg - Bharatpur - Fatehpur Sikri - Agra - Dholpur - Ranthambore - Tonk - Bundi - Jhalawar - Kota - Bijolia - Chittorgarh - Dungarpur - Banswara - Udaipur - Rajsamand - Nathdwara - Kumbhalgarh - Ranakpur - Mount Abu - Rohetgarh - Jodhpur - Jaisalmer - Bikaner -  Nagaur - Mandawa - Sikar - Jhunjhunu -Jaipur - Delhi


28 Days Rajasthan Heritage Tour (Including Jaipur)
28 Days / 27 Nights
Delhi - Agra - Fatehpur Sikri - Bhandarej - Jaipur - Mandawa - Bikaner - Gajner - Jaisalmer - Jodhpur - Rohetgarh - Deogarh - Ranakpur - Mount Abu - Udaipur - Dungarpur - Chittorgarh - Kota - Ranthambore - Bharatpur - Delhi

24 Days Forts and Palaces Tour (Including Jaipur)
24 Days / 23 Nights
Delhi - Agra - Fatehpur Sikri - Bhandarej - Jaipur - Mandawa - Bikaner - Gajner - Jaisalmer - Osian - Jodhpur - Ranakpur - Mount Abu - Udaipur - Kota - Ranthambore - Bharatpur - Delhi

19 Days Rajasthan and North India Tour (Including Jaipur)
19 Days / 18 Nights
Delhi - Shekhawati - Bikaner - Jaisalmer - Osian - Jodhpur - Ranakpur - Udaipur - Pushkar - Jaipur - Fatehpur Sikri - Agra - Khajuraho - Varanasi - Delhi

More.......

 

Map of Jaipur

 
 

Group Tours

Car Rental

 
:: Home :: email :: Chat  :: Contact :: Enquiry :: About us :: Site Map :: Links

www.rajasthanvisit.com  
Copyright © rajasthanvisit team. All Rights Reserved.