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Introduction of Humayun Tomb

Humayun, the eldest son of Babur, was the second emperor of the Mughal Empire. Unluckily, he was unable to rule for a long time and was died earlier after he fell from the stairs of the Sher Mandal library. Queen of Humayun named Haji Begum, built this tomb in the memory of her husband. Humayun's Tomb was the first building to be buikl during the rule of Akbar.

The tomb was built in Delhi from 1562-1572 AD. The construction of which was laid with the help of a Persian architect, Mirak Mirza Ghiyuath.

The Humayun's Tomb demonstrates the influence of Persian art. It is the fine example of the early Mughal style tomb in Delhi and is a worth visiting place, preferably before visiting the Taj Mahal in Agra.

Humayun Tomb Front

Location of the Tomb

The tomb can be compared with the tombs of Bibi Khanam and Timur at Samarqand. The pattern and design of the Taj Mahal is taken from the Humayun's Tomb. The Humayun's Tomb is also listed in the UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites. It is the first important example of the Mughal architecture with double dome and high arches, which take place in India for the first time. Some well-known Mughal personalities are also buried in this tomb like Bahadur Shah II, Dara Shikoh and Hamida Begum. Humayun's tomb is located on the Mathura road near its crossing with the Lodi Road. The tomb is located on the bank of the Yamuna River near the temple of the Nizamuddin Auliya Chisti, a Sufi saint.

Architecture of the Tomb

Humayun's Tomb was the first garden tomb built in India. The Humayun's Tomb is situated in the amidst a geometrically arranged large square garden. In Islam, there is a concept that heaven is located somewhere in the middle of the garden with water flowing through it. High rubble built walls enclose the square garden which is divided into 4 large squares divided by channels and causeways, due to which it is also known as the Char Bagh. Each square is divided again into smaller squares by pathways. The laying down of the gardens in the Persian style was firstly introduced by Babur and it lasts till the era of Shah Jahan. The enclosure is entered through two double-storeyed gateways on the southern and western side. The pavilion or the baradari occupies the center of the eastern wall and the hamam or the bath chamber in the center of northern wall. The tomb is in octagonal shape and situated over a platform with colonnades, under which there are some graves of workers of the Humayun's period and various nobles. The tomb is enclosed by a wonderful marble dome. Humayun's tomb is the first Indian building to use the Persian concept of a double dome. The dome stands 140 feet high from the bottom of the terrace and is topped with a copper pinnacle. A huge central chamber has four offsets, double storeyed in height with arcade on their fronts. Their openings is closed with perforated screens. Three absolute arches control each side, the central one being the highest. The central room has the monument of the Emperor Humayun and his queen Bega Begum. The monument is constructed with red sandstone, but black and white marble has been used to relieve the monotony.

Humayun Tomb Outside View

Humayun Tomb Outside View

Humayun Tomb Outside View

Humayun Tomb Inside View


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