Goa - Goa Tour

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Introduction of Goa

Goa is the smallest state in terms of area which is located on the west coast of India. The name Goa is derived from the Konkani word ‘Goyan’ which means a patch of tall grass. Goa is located about half way down the west coast of India. Goa is surrounded by the Karnataka on the east and south, Arabian Sea on the west and Maharashtra on the north.

Goa is a perfect Tourist Paradise of India with its spectacular, un-spoilt expanses of palm fringed beaches, mystical hills and groves, local hospitality, seas, relaxed life styles enlivened by the dance and music and wonderful cuisine. Goa is also one of the Millennium destinations of the world. Best time to visit Goa is between November to February and June to September. Goa was under Portuguese control even after India gained independence in 1947.

Goa Beaches

It is a lush green paradise edged on the one side by the wooded foothills of the Sahyadri range and on the other side by the Arabian Sea. This small former Portuguese enclave is one of the most amazing tourist attraction of India. More than 450 years of Portuguese rule preceded by Muslim and Hindu supremacy have made Goa an exciting combination of customs and traditions. The capital of Goa is Panaji. Common languages which are spoken in Goa are: English, Hindi, Portuguese, Marathi and Konkani. Magnificent forts, churches perched on high promontories, delightful old mansions, villas and scenic whitewashed villages situated between smooth paddy fields are part of this amazing heritage of Goa. Important places in Goa that attracts tourists include the following: Charming coves, bays and estuaries, paddy fields, Miles and miles of palm fringed beaches and the churches and temples famous for worship and pilgrims attract a large number of domestic and foreign tourists. Goa has two districts - North Goa and South Goa. Goa is one of richest states in India with the highest GDP per capita.

History in Goa

The history of Goa can traced back to the 3rd centuary B.C. when it was part of Emperor Ashoka's Mauryan Empire, it was ruled by the Buddhist emperor, Ashoka of Magadha in the 3rd century. Between the 2nd century BC and the 6th century AD Goa was ruled by the Bhojas of Goa. In 1312 Goa came under the governance of the Delhi Sultanate.
In 1510, the ruling Bijapur king was defeated by the Portuguese and a permanent settlement was setup by themin Velha Goa.
Even after India gained its independence in 1947, Goa was a Portuguese overseas territory till 1961. Goa was under the control of Portuguese for about 450 years.
After India’s independence from British in 1947 India requested that Portuguese territories on the Indian subcontinent be surrendered to India. On 19 December 1961, the Indian Army began military operations with Operation Vijay resulting in the capture of Daman, Diu and Goa into the Indian union. Goa along with Daman and Diu was organized as a centrally administered union territory of India. Goa was made India's twenty-fifth state on 30 May 1987 the union territory was split.

Geography of Goa
Goa encompasses an area of 3,702 km2. The 131 kms long coastline of Goa is set on the Konkan coast on the Western Ghats along the Arabian Sea which separate it from the Deccan Plateau. This place is enclosed by the wooded foothills of the Sahyadri range on the one side and by the Arabian Sea on the other side. The mountain ranges in Goa houses a wealth of natural beauty and a totally different way of life. Jackfruit, mango, cashew nut and pineapple trees can be seen in plenty. Goa's main rivers are Terekhol, Sal, Mandovi, Zuari and Chapora kushavati river.

Climate of Goa
The climate of Goa is tropical and the temperature remains from about 21 to 32 degree Celsius. In Goa Monsoon usually begins from June and continues till September. Goa has a very amazing view during Monsoons. The monsoon clouds sweeping in from the sea make a sight of total grandeur. Goa can be visited at any time of the year.

The entire hill slopes and the countryside turns amazingly lush and green. The rivers swollen with rainwater, flow with a renewed gusto which shows the mood prevailing at the time and peace reigns unchallenged in this peaceful land. Goa has a short winter season between mid-December and February. Best time to visit Goa is from November to February and during the monsoons.

Cuisine of Goa
Goa is also a gourmet's paradise. Food in Goa is not only a source of nutrition but also an art. The people of Goa are very special about enjoying their food. It has to taste good, look good and also smell good. The coastline of Goa has a large variety of seafood like oysters, prawns, mussel’s pomfret, crabs, fishes, lobsters and squid. Each of these varieties are filled with the unique flavours of Goan cooking which comprises spices, chillies and a variety of curries. These flavours lend themselves to the alien meat and chicken dishes of the land. Some of the non- vegetarian dishes of Goa are Sorpotel, Vindaloo, Chicken Cafrial and Xacuti. There is also a taverna or bar in Goa. Goa has well furnished, modern bar with colourful names and shining fittings. The traditional taverna is small and friendly and it also retained a rural charm. Goan wines are very good and cheap. Feni is typical and unique Goan brew. It is made from cashews or palm trees.

Tourism in Goa

Beaches in Goa
The coastline of Goa is studded with some of the most scenic beaches or little coves or bays of the world which are completely different and have a unique attraction. Due to this, Goa is also known as the India’s Mediterranean. Some of the best beaches of Goa are bordered by tall laterite cliffs in the north of Panaji in Goa. These beaches are Chapora, Calangute, Sinquerim, Vagator, Miramar, Baga, and Anjuna beach. Some of the famous beaches of Goa are Calangute and Baga beach. These beaches spreads over an area of more than 8 kms. One of the beach of Goa which is not famous is Candolim beach. Some of the southern beaches with their areas of luminous white sand and calm sea comprise Majorda, Bogmalo, Mobor, Colva, Benaulim, Utorda and Cavelossim.

Wildlife Sanctuaries in Goa
Three wildlife sanctuaries are there in Goa which preserves the habitats and thick forests along the slopes of the Western Ghats, Wildlife Sanctuaries of Goa include the following the Bondla Sanctuary, Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary and the Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary.
The wet deciduous forests of these wildlife sanctuaries are the home of animals like the pangolin, leopard, chital, sloth bear, sambar, bison etc and have rich bird life. Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary has mangrove forests and a large variety of water birds, it is located on the Chorao island along with the Mandovi river, close to Panaji.

Adventure Sports in Goa
Goa offers different type of water sports activities which are very exciting and are blessed with backwaters, rivers and a long coastline. The water sports changes from the passive to the highly active. Various water sports are parasailing, sailing, water scooter ride and windsurfing.
Wind surfing is also famous in Goa by the name of body breaking. In this sport you are alone on a board with a single sail in full control of your craft flying in front of a brisk land breeze. The experienced trainers are also there who will take you through the origins you need to learn in this stimulating sport. The parasailing involves skimming along behind a motorboat as a cover expands behind you and lifts you off the surface of the sea. Diving, Swimming, Sunbathing, Snorkeling and Scuba diving are some of the sports which can also be enjoyed on the beaches in Goa.

Cultural Activities in Goa
Various cultural festivals takes place in the wonderfully designed Kala Academy of the Goa throughout the year, Kala Academy is located on the banks of the Mandovi river in Panaji in Goa. The Drama Festival and the Teatro Festival that celebrates Goa’s folk drama custom is also celebrated in the Kala Academy. A Beat, Pop and Jazz Music festival also take place in Goa in the month of May. Sangeet Samaroh and Bhajan, Kirtan festivals are also celebrated in Goa which draws attention of a large number of performers from all over the country.

Festivals of Goa
In Goa, various Hindu, Christian festivals and temple festivals are celebrated with enthusisasm. Some of the festivals which takes place in Goa are New Year, Reis Magos, Diwali, Dussehra, Goa carnival, Christmas, Feast of our Lady, Feast of St. Francis Xavier, Harvest Festival etc. Most prominent festival of Goa is the feast day of the St. Xavier, all people participate in this festival. The three-day Austere festival of Lent is also celebrated in Goa very brightly. Hindu festivals are reason of colourful celebrations and processions. From years a carnival rivaling the Rio celebrations has been an annual feature of Goa.

Music and Dances in Goa
Music, folklore and dance are extremely rooted in the heart of Goans and the rhythm runs in the blood of the people of Goa.

1) Goan folklore - Goan folklore includes folk songs, music, dances and folk tales and visual arts, rich in content and variety. Some of the young Goans in a twilit evening sing a Mando (traditional love song) on the guitar.
2) Folk music - Folk music has modern and devotional implications and it exhibits a lively beat. In the night the sounds of music can be heard well into the tiny hours as viewers and performers linger on under starlit skies with the sound of waves filling in the silence.
3) Folk dances - Folk dances reveals the musical liveliness. Dancing and festivities are an important part of Goan weddings which combine Catholic and Indian customs. Some of the beaches also provide the setting for various shows by local artists.

Main Attractions in Goa
Mayem Lake
Mayem Lake is located between the folds of a ring of hills, the wonderful fortifications of the Church town of Old Goa and the Tirakol fort which was the seat of Portugese rule in Goa previously.

Our Lady of Immaculate conception Church
This church controls the City Square and its steps zig zag up to the hill.
Goa’s Latin Quarter
The old Latin quarter of Fountain has an old world attraction. Its little lanes and stairways going up the hill are lined with the houses with wrought iron balconies. The little Chapel of San Sebastian merges into these surroundings.

Government Secretariat
The present Government Secretariat is situated along the river. Previously it was a Governor’s dwelling, it was constructed at the site of the palace of Adil Shah who was the ruler of Bijapur.
Kala Academy
Kala Academy is a modern complex in Panaji, it is designed very wonderfully, it is an important centre of all the cultural activities in Goa.
Panaji, the capital of Goa is located along the Mandovi river. The white washed and red tile roofed buildings growing up the hills provide it a Mediterranean look. Panaji is famous for its superior buildings.
Miramar beach
Miramar beach is situated near Panaji.
Mapusa is a town situated in North Goa, it is located about 12 km north of the capital Panaji, Mapusa comes alive each Friday when a local market takes place.
Maragao is a main commercial centre. It also has some old houses and churches. Mormugao Port and the towns of Vasco da Gama are situated nearby.

Temples in Goa
Goa also has temples in addition to Churches.
The Portuguese control can also be seen in the structure and form of these shrines. When Portuguese persecution was at its peak and temples were being destroyed in the 16th century, deities from ancient temples were smuggled out across the border into the nearby areas of Ponda. These temples were changed into beautiful temples and built in a style unique to Goa in the 18th century. The temples are constructed in a style that incorporates Christian, Islamic and Hindu architectural elements. These temples have elaborated deepa stambhas, domes which are circleted by saracenic arches, temple tanks, kalasas and traditional mandapas.

Some of the famous temples of Goa are Shri Mahalsa Temple, Shri Ramnathi Temple, Shri Mangesh Temple, Shanta Durga Temple, and Shri Nagesh temple. Shanta Durga Temple is devoted to Durga, the Supreme Goddess of Peace.

Shri Mangesh Temple is situated in the Ponda district and devoted to Lord Shiva, it is a 15th century shrine. Shri Mahalsa Temple is devoted to Vishnu, it is situated in Mardol. Mahadeva Temple is the only surviving example of structural design of Kadamba temple, it is situated at Tamdi Surla. This temple is made up of black basalt stone and is adorned with carved and huge pillars, niches and gracefully carved bas-reliefs.

Carnival Festival

Carnival Festival

Carnival Festival

Wildlife Sanctuaries

Wildlife Sanctuaries

Water Sports

Water Sports

Shanta Durga Temple

Sri Vithal Temple


How to Reach Goa

By Rail:
Goa is easily reachable by rail from Mumbai, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Ahmedabad, Delhi, Rajkot, Mangalore, Ernakulam, Thiruvanantapuram, Pune and Chennai.

By Road:
Goa is well connected by road. Drive from Mumbai to Goa is easy.
The National Highways 4A, 17 and 17A runs through Goa.

By Air:
Goa is linked by air. Indian Airlines and other private airlines operate flights to Goa from Mumbai, Pune, Chennai, Kochi, Delhi and Bangalore. Indian Airlines also connects Goa with Sharjah and Kuwait.

By Sea:
Damania Shipping Corporation operates non-stop catamaran service between Goa and Mumbai from October to May.


You will visit “Goa” during the below Tour/s of Rajasthan

14 Days Rajasthan and Goa Tour (Including Goa)
14 Days / 13 Nights
Delhi - Sariska - Jaipur - Ranthambore - Agra - Delhi - Corbett - Delhi - Goa - Mumbai


Group Tours

Car Rental

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