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                                                                                         Fabrics

Introduction of Fabrics

The fabrics of Rajasthan are decorated with wonderful designs and vibrant colours.The ancient art of textiles in Rajasthan uses fibers like cotton, silk and wool to make attractive designs and textures. In Rajasthan, as in other parts of India, the royal ancestry inspired master-craftsmen to make the best fabrics. Rajasthani textiles discover handmade textiles that are mostly used for clothing Century-old skills carry on to produce some of the most creative textiles in Rajasthan which are admired and collected not only by experts in India but are popular all across the world. Rajasthani textiles discover handmade textiles that are mostly used for clothing Century-old skills carry on to produce some of the most creative textiles in Rajasthan which are admired and collected not only by experts in India but are popular all across the world.

Rajasthan is the heartland of hand-block printing also. Magnificent, remarkable combinations of red colours, shocking pink, purple and orange, greenish-blue and parrot green, saffron and crimson, incorporated with touches of gold and silver steal the limelight in any gathering. Rajasthan textiles are the mirror of the real core of block printing. Most of the work is done by hand only. The art of block printing and coloring is associated with home furnishing and fabric for personal wear as well. The main centers for the block printing in Rajasthan are Sanganer and Bagru. The procedure of hand block printing consist of artisans to soak carved wooden blocks in different colours and then paste them on the fabric thus creating some mystic wonder on the piece of cloth. Delicate floral prints and patterns prepared in vegetable colour is the specialty of Rajasthan block printing. The art of Khari or overprinting in gold is also broadly practiced in Rajasthan. This makes the traditional form of block printing even more attractive and fashionable in the region.
 

Main Display Season for Rajasthani Fabrics

The main display season for Rajasthani textiles are during the fairs and festivals of the region. Majority of the Rajasthani textiles are sold in the Nakki Lake Fair, Ramdeoji Fair, Pushkar Fair, Baneshwar Fair,Janmashtami Fair and during the festivals of Teej and Gangaur. Rajasthan is a land of exciting colours; these colours are a beautiful part of the Rajasthani life and are found in the busy bazaars, in fairs and festivals, in the costumes worn and in the traditional paintings & murals. Rajasthani textiles are the representative of that countless shades woven in the cloth. Be it the multi coloured tie and dye work or excellent block printing, Rajasthan surprise the entire world with its skill and competence through its amazing textiles and fabrics. Tourists visiting Rajasthan must buy some excellent Rajasthani textiles, which are going to make their memory always colourful and bright.
 

Methods to make the Textiles of Rajasthan Beautiful and Attractive

Different methods are used to make the textiles of Rajasthan beautiful and distinctive. Lahariya, Mothda, Ekdali and Shikari are the most famous patterns among all the styles of `bandhni` and every design show a unique look and nature. Lahariya and Mothra are very much alike patterns where Lahariya has long lines in a variety of shades running diagonally through the whole piece of cloth and Mothra showcases a dazzling checked effect with opposite diagonals. The human and animal figures depicting carefully in the amazing colours is the identity of Shikari bandhni. Ekdali pattern shows small circles and squares in different shades of colour and the cluster of three, four and seven multi coloured dots make it even more beautiful. Sikar and Jodhpur are the most preferential destinations for excellent textile works while Jaipur, Barmer, Pali, Udaipur and Nathdwara are still on their way to reach the best market for Rajasthani textiles.

Rajasthani textiles come in a attractive range of colored and block-printed fabric which is further decorated with embroidery. The women of Rajasthan have mastered the art of embroidering fabrics.
 

Different Types of Textiles

The most significant variety of traditional textiles, both in technique and style, has carry on even to the present day. It forms the basis for further progress in pattern and design, thus defining the principles of arts of the region and representing the rising social and cultural values of its people. Just like any other region of the world, Rajasthani textiles also specializes in emerging some brilliant fabric and the most valuable one of the region is the tie and dye work which is also called `bandhni` in local language. Tie and dye work, known as Bandhej or bandhni is well-known all over Rajasthan in the form of colourful odhnis and saffas.

For centuries the people of Rajasthan have accomplished the art of printing using the vegetable dyes and mineral colours. The Rajasthani textiles come in a broad range of" Embroidered’’ fabrics ,"Tie & Die fabrics", and 'Block printing'. The Textile of Rajasthan has a attractive range of colored and block printing fabrics. Each state has its own particular colour-scheme design and technique. The various types of Textile are:-

Applique work : It is an art where different pieces of cloth are fixed together. The interesting colour, shape and pattern combinations against contrasting background catch the eye.

Jaipuri Quilt: These are light weight quilts. The weight of these quilts is as low as 250 gm. The specialty of these quilts is that these are very warm in spite of such a low weight. These quilts are soft & cozy. The outer cover is of cotton or silk with Rajasthani prints on it Quilted garments are also constructed in Jaipur. These are in high demand.

Tie & Dye : This is a highly skilled art. The fabric is tied into small points with clothes. When the fabric as a whole is colored the knotted points remain undyed. These undyed points along with a dyed portion give a distinctive look. This art is called "Bandhej''.

Block Printing: Rajasthan is the heart of block printing. Most of the work is done by hand only. The art of block printing & dyeing is connected with home furnishing and fabric for personal wear. The main centers for the block printing are Sanganer and Bagru.

Sanganeri Prints: Sanganer is a village of Jaipur. The printing style is called as Sanganeri Print. Cotton fabrics using vegetable colors are printed. Red and Orange with floral prints in yellow and blue is the technique of this print. This fabric is in enormous demand from the chief fashion centers throughout the world.

Bagru Prints : Bagru is a small town which is 30 KM. from Jaipur Bagru prints have the art of printing a distinctive style of its own. The circular patterns in vegetable colours mostly in black and brick colors with bold prints is the specialty of this printing.

 

Rajasthani Textiles

Rajasthani textiles have developed an excellent range of colours and have mastered another technique in which the background is in light colour while the patterns are in dark colours. This is done by dyeing sections of the fabric in the preferred colour with the use of a piece of felt and then tying. The cloth is bleached and only the tied sections hold back the colours. After this the background colour is generally fade and the completed bandhni arises with dark coloured doted pattern on a light background. The red chunari, which is used as a cover by young married women in rural areas, is never fade in fast colour bandhnis. A beautiful design decorated in a particular style is the age old creativity that rule extremely in Rajasthan. The art of bandhni is highly accomplished process and Rajasthani artisans have come a long way in developing new designs and patterns every time fashion statement changed. Now the tie and dye clothes are one of the most exported fabrics of India which also carries the heritage of Rajasthan along with it.
 

                                  Fabrics of Rajasthan                                Fabrics of Rajasthan
                                Fabrics of Rajasthan                                   Fabrics of Rajasthan    
 

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