Dholpur - Dholpur Tour

Rajasthani Women


Dholpur (Rajasthan)


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Introduction of Dholpur

District Dholpur is situated in the eastern part of Rajasthan. The present name is said to have been derived from Dhaulpur as a separate district came into existence in 1982 comprising four tehsils of Bharatpur namely Dholpur, Rajakhera, Bari and Baseri.

It is bordered by Bharatpur district of Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh to the north, Madhya Pradesh to the south, Karauli district to the west and Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh to the east.

The District has four Subdivisions and four development Blocks namely Dholpur, Bari, Baseri and Rajakhera. The district is well connected by roads and railways. The Broad-gauge lines of Mumbai – Agra of Central Railways, passes through the district headquarter Dholpur.

Mach Kund

History of Dholpur

Dholpur according to the Epics was initially known as Dhawalgiri and later on Dhaulagir, and now as Dholpur. Before the battle of Mahabharat this whole area was under the Yadavs. Whose different branches were spread over the entire area extending from the south of the river Chambal. There is a common belief that some of the Aryan races also lived in this part. Col. James Todd in his book ‘Annals and Antiquities of Rajputana’ has mentioned that the area was submerged under sea during the Ramayan period.

The key to the ancient history of Dholpur is the ruins of strength fort which is situated on the bank of river Chambal. According to the Modern Review’s Hindi edition Vishal Bharat published during 1957. The author in one of its edition has linked Dholpur to the period of Lord Vishnu. According to him the present fort was the seat of lord Vishnu and all around was water. Looking at the condition of the fort it appears that it is very ancient but its age can only be ascertained by chemical analysis.

During the second phase of ancient history, the ruins of Mahabharat period could be seen and around the temple of Muchukund ji. According to the Shastras Muchukund was a very illustrious king before Krishna. During the war between Devtas and Danavas, King Muchukund sided with the devtas and was instrumental in their victory. Indra was so pleased was that he asked Muchukund to have a boon. Muchukund was so tired that he asked Indra to allow him to sleep peacefully and if anyone should wake him up, Muchukund’s angry gaze would burn him to ashes. Mahabharat reveals that during one of the battles with the demons Krishna ran away to save his life from one of the demons and came to the spot where Muchukund was sleeping. He put his pitamber on the sleeping Muchukund. The demon thinking him to be Krishna woke him up, and thus the demon was burnt to ashes, and thus the life of Krishna was saved. The event took place, in a spot very near to the Muchukund Ji’s temple, where the ruins of old palaces still exist. The appearance of these, however does not seem to be that old.

The archaeological investigations in the district have pushed his history back to the Stone Age. Hence, no Palaeoliths have been reported from this area as so far. Microlithic tools were reported from Hansai, Nand-ka-pura in Tehsil Bari ; Tor Danyal in Tehsil Dholpur and Karka Kherli in Tehsil Rajakhera which suggest that the district inhavited by the microlithick people in large. Painted Grey Ware are reported from Bari, Donder Khera, Hansai in Tehsil Bari ; Kolwa, Saipau and Son in Tehsil Dholpur ; Karka Kherli and Ghari in the Tehsil Rajakhera datable to second and first millennium B.C. early Historical and historical pottery has also been found from this area.

A trial trench excavation at Donder khera in Tehsil Bari has yielded long cultural sequences from Chalcolithic to Muslim period. The excavation has revealed Black and Red ware of Chalcolithic period followed by the Painted Grey Ware and Black Slipped Ware with associated red ware. Three different phases of structural activities have been noticed in a small operational area during excavation. These structures are part of residential apartments. The wall of the house was built of burnt bricks. The pottery assemblage of the site comprised of red slipped ware, stamped-pottery and coarse red ware, are in varied types included footed-bowls, sharp-edged bowls, vases, dishes, miniature vases, carinated handi, storage jars etc. Among the antiquities the figure of Ganesa and Jaina Tirthankara, terracotta and stone hopcoches, a copper bangle piece, iron knife and a fragment of stone sculpture are noteworthy. The antiquities can be datable to pre-Gupta period, and the site remained under the occupation up to the late mediaeval period.

The Brahmnism and Jainism both were prevailing in the society during the early mediaval period. The discoveries of Naga and Nagis figures from Dholpur put the considerable influence of Nagavansies of Padamvaties over this area. They were succeeded by Guptas as evidences reported from the excavations at Donder Khera. The figures of Nagas and Nagis sculptures are belong to tenth to twelfth century A.D. An eleventh century panchayatana temple called as Jogni-Jogana situated near Sone-ka-Gurja is an important edifice of this period.

There are many places of tourist importance belonging to medieval period like Shergarh fort, Muchkund, Sikargarh at Bari, Baber’s garden at Jhor, Maharajwada Purani Chhavni, Tomb of Zar-Zarina at Dhlopur are important among them.

The history of Dholpur that has travelled down to us covers an important era in the annals of Rajasthan extending from 563 B.C. to this date.

Tourist Attraction in Dholpur

Laswari is a historical site of Dholpur where Daulat Rao Scindia was defeated by Lord Lake. You could see the ruins of the oldest Mughal garden, the Damoh Waterfall and the Kanpur Mahal. They all form a beautiful piece of attractions at Laswari.  There are various other places like Bari, Talab-e Shahi lake, Van Vihar Wildlife Sanctuary and Ram Sagar Sanctuary

Shergarh Fort
Situated south of Dholpur, is the Shergarh Fort which was constructed by Sher Shah Suri on the ruines of Hindu Fortress.

The Khanpur Mahal
This was a pleasure house for Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. The exquisite structure of the Khanpur Mahal tends to lure number of travellers.

The Shiva Temple
This is a historical monuments which boast great architectural beauty of all times. The shiva temple is located near the Gwalior Agra Road.

Saipau Fort

Shergarh Fort

The Shiva Temple

How to get here

By Rail:
Dholpur district is well connected with both meter gauge and broad gauge rail routes with Agra, Gwalior, Bharatput and Sawai Madhopur etc.

By Road:
Dholpur district is located on National Highway No.3. The important towns of the district are well connected with metalled roads and state highways. Agra (50 kms) from Dholpur.

Dholpur, 113 km. (70 miles) by road from Bharatpur, and 230 km. (143 miles) from Delhi by rail is famous for its game sanctuary and historical associations. In the Van Vihar game sanctuary around Ram Sagar tank, one may see tigers and other wild animals moving about freely in their habitat.

It was near Dholpur that two important Mughul wars of succession were fought. When Shah Jahan fell ill, his eldest and most beloved son, Dara Shikoh was defeated by his younger brother Aurangzeb in 1658 at Ran-ka-Chabutra, 5 km. (3 miles) east of Dholpur. Again, on Aurangzeb’s death in 1707, his sons, Azam and Muazzam, fought a battle at Baretha where the former was killed and the latter became the emperor under the title of Bahadur Shah.

The monuments at Dholpur include the Shergarh fort built by Sher Shah Suri on the site of an earlier Hindu fortress. The Khanpur Mahal, consisting of several charming pavilions, was constructed as a pleasure-palace for Shah Jahan. There are about 20 octagonal chhatris of red sandstone near the picture-sque Talab Shahi tank which is a fine breeding place for ducks.

You will visit “Dholpur” during the below Tour of Rajasthan.

31 Days Rajasthan Tour (Including Dholpur)
31 Days / 30 Nights

Delhi - Alwar - Deeg - Bharatpur - Fatehpur Sikri - Agra - Dholpur - Ranthambore - Tonk - Bundi - Jhalawar - Kota - Bijolia - Chittorgarh - Dungarpur - Banswara - Udaipur - Rajsamand - Nathdwara - Kumbhalgarh - Ranakpur - Mount Abu - Rohetgarh - Jodhpur - Jaisalmer - Bikaner -  Nagaur - Mandawa - Sikar - Jhunjhunu -Jaipur - Delhi


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