Rajasthan Tour - Rajasthan Tourism - Bikaner Tour

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Bikaner Tour (Rajasthan)
(04 Days / 03 Nights)
(Jaipur-Bikaner-Jaipur)
(to view the route of this tour on a Map please click here)


Day 01: Jaipur - Bikaner (about 361 km)

Today arrival in Jaipur. After arrival in Jaipur drive to Bikaner.
 

Day 02: Bikaner
Today we will visit the Junagarh Fort.
 

    Bhandasar Jain Temple  Karni Mata Temple, Bikaner      Gajner Palace, Bikaner                   Gajner

Day 03: Bikaner

Today we visit the Karni Mata Temple in Deshnok, Devi Kund, Shivbari Temple and Havelis of Bikaner


Day 04: Bikaner - Jaipur (about 361 km)

After having breakfast drive to Jaipur. In the evening transfer to the airport or railway station.

        Jal Mahal, Jaipur          Birla Mandir, Jaipur        Jantar Mantar, Jaipur             City Palace, Jaipur
 
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Bikaner, one of the most interesting centres of later Indian art, lies deep in the Thar Desert behind endless waves of sand dunes. This region, the experts believe, was once the seat of a great civilization at the time when the sacred river Saraswati watered its territory. The civilisation now lies buried in sand. After the disintegration of the Gupta empire, the territory was successively occupied by the Gurjar Pratiharas, the Chauhans, the Bhati Rajputs and finally by the Rathors. The former Bikaner State was founded by Rao Bikaji, the sixth son of Rao Jodhaji of Jodhpur, a Rajput of the Rathor clan, in 1465. The foundation of the present city was also laid by him in 1488.

Bikaner is directly connected by rail with Delhi 462 km. (287 miles), Jaipur 378 km. (235 miles) and Jodhpur 275 km. (171 miles). It is 1,221 km. (759 miles) from Bombay and is reached via Ahmedabad and Marwar Junction on the Western Railway.

The city, the fourth largest in Rajasthan, is surrounded by an embattled stone wall, about 7 km. (4½ miles) in circuit, pierced by five gateways built by Maharaja Gaj Singh (1746-87). A magnificent fort dominates the city which has many other elegant buildings in red and yellow sandstone.


The Fort and the Palace
The Bikaner fort built by Raja Rai Singh (1571-1611), one of Akbar’s distinguished generals, during 1588-1593 is a most impressive stronghold. Additions were subsequently made by rulers during the next three centuries. The fort forms a quadrangle with a perimeter of 986 m. (1,078 yards). It has thirty-seven bastions, a strong curtain wall and a 9-m. (30 ft.) wide moat. There are two entrances; the one on the east side is protected by four gates, while the other on the west is protected by a double gate. The palaces near the southern ramparts were damaged during the siege of the fort by the Jodhpur army in 1739 and cannon balls fired by them still mark the southern facade of the palace.

The entrance to the fort is through Suraj Parol or Sun Gate, a big vaulted hall opening on two sides through high double arches. The inscribed black stone slabs in one of its walls eulogise Rai Singh’s attainments and give chronological record of the Rathors. Two life-size statues of elephants flank the facade of the entrance. The Karan, Daulat and Fateh Parols (gates) in the Mughul style, were added by Maharaja Karan Singh (1631-1674). The Sur Sagar, which contributes so much to the charm of the fort was excavated by Sur Singh and the last additions to the fort – the Singh Pol, Deo Bilas Pavilion, and Sheo Nivas Garden – were made in the time of Maharaja Dungar Singh (1872-1887).

The palace of Raja Rai Singh is the oldest building in the fort and it includes the Suraj Parol, the Karkhana Kalan (great workshop), the Har Mandir, the Chaubara and Hazuri Darwaza (royal entrance) and the Rai Nivas. Most of these buildings on double vaults are executed in yellow sandstone.

The Karan Mahal, a fine durbar hall in the classical Mughul style, was erected by Maharaja Anup Singh in 1609 as a monument to the restoration and elevation of Bikaner State, and named in memory of his father who had struggled valiantly against the onslaughts of Aurangzeb. Its ceiling rests on a broad cornice and a surrounding gallery behind a row of cusped arches supported on small tapering columns. The ceiling and arches have a lavish decoration of paintings in the classical style of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Floral mouldings set off by red and gold borders, gilded leaf work and a network of garlands, bouquets and vases are some of the motifs used in its re-decoration in the time of Maharaja Gaj Singh.


The three storeys of Anup Mahal, Rang Mahal and Anand Bijai Mahal, with their slender columns, cusped arches and delicate screens, from an elegant structure. Anup Mahal is separated from Rai Nivas and the zenana by a broad court with panelled niches and engrailed arches along the two sides. This hall, which served as the Diwan-i-Khas, has an exuberant vermillion and gold gesso decoration spread over the original marble and stucco. Some fine decorations in gilt reliefs, glass mosaica, lace-like mirror and stucco work are contained in this palace.

There are several other beautiful edifices inside the fort. The walls of Chandra Mahal are covered with niches, mirrors and carved marble panels. Phul Mahal is profusely decorated with glittering mirror work, carvings and paintings. Exquisite stucco sculptures of Hindu deities adorn the ante-room of Phul Mahal. The Sheesh Mahal of Gaj Mandir is opulent with mirror and stucco work. The ceiling of the highly ornamented Chhatar Mahal bears a ‘Ras Lila” frieze of considerable charm. Ganga Nivas, the spacious durbar hall, is faced with richly carved red sandstone.

Other Palaces and Temples
Outside the city is Lalgarh Palace, an imposing edifice of carved red sandstone, which contains a remarkable collection of paintings. Thirty-one kilometres (19 miles) to its south-west lies Gajner Palace on the banks of a lake which is renowned as a place for imperial sand-grouse shooting.

There are many Jain temples and monasteries in Bikaner. The Bhandsar temple, with its shikhar and gilded flagstaff towering above the town, is the most ambitious. Built by Oswal Bhand, a rich Jain merchant, in honour of Parasnath, it was completed in the early 16th century. The temple of Chintamani begun by Rao Bikaji and completed in 1505 is rich in carvings. The temple of Adinath, almost an exact copy of the Chintamani temple, is even richer in ornamentation. The most beautiful temple, however, is that of Neminath near Rao Bikaji’s first fort. A maturer decaration distinguishes it from other temples.

At Deshnoke, 24 km. (16 miles) from Bikaner, is the well-known temple of Karniji – the deified prophetess. Built in the reign of Maharaja Sur Singh, this two-storey shrine is surmounted by a fluted central dome and smaller domes on the sides. The golden umbrella in the temple was donated by Maharaja Zorawar Singh, while the present entrance with its marble carvings was added by Maharaja Ganga Singh.

Chhatris
At Devi Kund, 8 km. (5 miles) to the east of Bikaner, are the chhatris (cenotaphs) of the rulers of Bikaner. The oldest of these, built of brick and Jaisalmer stone, is that of Rao Kalyan Mal (1539-1571). The 16-pillared chhatris of Raja Karan Singh and Maharaja Anup Singh are the finest and biggest in the group. The former is an example of classic simplicity, whereas the latter has a wealth of baroque ornament. The ceiling of Anup Singh’s chhatri has reliefs showing Krishna dancing with milkmaids in a cypress grove. The chhatri of Maharaja Surat Singh, built entirely of white Makrana marble, contains Rajput paintings on its ceiling.

The Museum
The Ganga Golden Jubilee Museum at Bikaner houses some very interesting and rare art pieces. It has one of the finest collections of terracottas belonging to the Gupta period. These were recovered in 1917 by Dr. L.P. Tessitori from some ancient sites in Bikaner Division. The white marble image of Saraswati 1.5 m. (4 ft. 8 inches) in height, is a peerless example of the sculptor’s art. The silk robe presented by Emperor Jahangir to Raja Rai Singh, is another proud acquisition of the museum. The robe has figures of a boy and a girl surrounded with floral designs in the Persian style. The many Mughul firmans issued to the rulers of Bikaner, paintings representing various schools of Rajasthan art, excellent specimens of lacquer work on camel hide, and wood and stone carvings are among the other exhibits in the museum.

 

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Cities
Agra || Ajanta || Ajmer || Alwar || Aurangabad || Banswara || Bhandarej || Bharatpur || Bikaner || Bijolia || Bundi || Chittorgarh || Corbett || Delhi || Deogarh || Deeg || Dholpur || Dungarpur || Ellora || Gajner || Goa ||Gwalior || Jaipur || Jaisalmer || Jhalawar || Jhansi ||Jhunjhunu || Jodhpur || Khajuraho ||Khimsar || Kota || Kumbhalgarh || Luni || Madhogarh || Mandawa || Mount Abu || Mumabi || Nagaur || Nathdwara || Neemrana || Nawalgarh || Orchha || Osian || Phalodi || Pokaran || Pushkar || Rajsamand || Ranakpur || Ranthambore || Rohetgarh || Roopangarh || Samode || Sariska || Shekhawati || Sikar || Tonk || Udaipur || Varanasi

Tourist Attractions
Brahma Temple || Brijraj Bhawan Palace || Chambal Garden || City Palace (Jaipur) || City Palace (Udaipur) || Dargah Sharif || Dilwara Temple || Fatehpur Sikri || Gajner Palace || Hawa Mahal || Jag Mandir || Jantar Mantar || Karni Mata Temple || Kota Fort || Lake Palace || Ludurwa Temple || Nathdwara Temple || Nakki Lake || Neemrana Fort Palace || Patwon ki Haveli || Pushkar Lake || Rambagh Palace || Ranakpur Jain Temples || Rao Madho Singhji Museum || Sam Sand Dunes || Siliserh Lake Palace   || Umaid Bhawan Palace || Umed Bhawan Palace 

Forts & Palaces
Amber Fort || Bala Kila || Chittorgarh Fort || Jaigarh Fort || Jaisalmer Fort || Junagarh Fort || Kota Fort || Kumbhalgarh Fort || Lohagarh Fort || Mehrangarh Fort || Taragarh Fort

Museums & Art Galleries
Ajmer Government Museum || Ajmer Archaeological Museum || Albert Hall Museum || Alwar Government Museum || Bharatpur Government Museum || Dungarpur Museum || Fateh Prakash Palace Museum || Hawa Mahal Museum || Jaisalmer Folklore Museum || Jaisalmer Government Museum || Jodhpur Government Museum || Kota Government Museum || Kota Archaeological Museum || Maharaja Sawai Man Singh Museum || Modern Art Gallery || Shilp Gram || Udaipur City Palace Museum || Udaipur Government Museum || Virat Nagar Museum

National Parks & Wildlife Sanctuaries
 Bhensrod Garh Sanctuary || Darrah Sanctuary || Desert National Park || Jaisamand Sanctuary || Keoladeo Ghana National Park || Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary || Mount Abu Sanctuary || Ranthambore National Park || Sariska National Park || Chambal Sanctuary || Sitamata Sanctuary || Talchappar Sanctuary

Adventure Sports
Ballooning || Bicycling || Camel Safari || Camel Polo || Camping || Cart Races || Desert Rallies || Desert Safari || Elephant Safari || Elephant Polo || Gliding || Golf || Horse Safari || Horse Polo || Jeep Safari || Kite-flying || Para-Sailing || Tonga Races || Trekking || Vintage Car Rally

Festivals
Ajmer Urs || Baneshwar Fair || Brij Festival || Camel Festival || Chaksu Fair || Desert Festival || Elephant Festival || Gangaur Festival ||  Mewar Festival || Marwar Festival || Nagaur Fair || Pushkar Fair || Summer Festival || Teej Festival  

Dances
Ghoomar || Gair || Chari Dance || Kachhi Ghodi || Fire Dance || Bhavai || Drum Dance || Kathak || Kathputli || Sapera Dance ||
Terah Tali


More Information

Climate of Rajasthan || Temperature of Rajasthan || Money and Currency Exchange || Heritage Hotels in Rajasthan || Ranthambore Jungle Safari || Sariska Jungle Safari

 
 

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