Bharatpur - Bharatpur Tour

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Bharatpur

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Rajasthan Tours

31 Days Rajasthan Tour
28 Days Rajasthan Heritage Tour
24 Days Forts and Palaces Tour
19 Days Rajasthan & North India
18 Days Rajasthan Round Trip
17 Days Rajasthan Vacations

17 Days Rajasthan Tour
17 Days Rajasthan Palace Tour
16 Days Rural Rajasthan Tour
16 Days Rajasthan With Pushkar
16 Days Cultural Rajasthan Tour
15 Days Hadoti Tour
 
14 Days Rajasthan Heritage Tour
14 Days Rajasthan Short Tour
14 Days Rajasthan and Goa
13 Days Rajasthan Holidays
13 Days Honeymoon Tour
13 Days Desert Tour
 
12 Days Rajasthan Desert Tour
11 Days Wild Life Tour
11 Days Shekhawati Desert Tour
11 Days Rajasthan Tour
11 Days Golden Triangle & caves
10 Days Rajasthan Desert Triangle
 
10 Days Rajasthan and Agra Tour
8 Days Taj Mahal Tour
8 Days Taj Mahal and Wildlife
8 Days Rajputana Tour
8 Days Triangle with Mandawa
8 Days Delhi-Jaipur-Agra Tour
 
7 Days Rajasthan Tour
7 Days Imperial Rajasthan
7 Days Desert City Tour
6 Days Mountain Tour
5 Days Rajasthan Tour
5 Days Pushkar & Udaipur Tour
 
4 Days Sariska Tour
4 Days Rajasthan Tour
4 Days Pinkcity Tour
4 Days Desert Tour
Cooking in Rajasthan
 
Ayurveda and Yoga Tour
16 Days Ayurveda Tour 
12 Days Ayurveda Tour
Learn Hindi
Rajasthan Buddhist Tour
 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Introduction of Bharatpur

Bharatpur is about 55 km from Agra, it is the eastern gateway to Rajasthan. Bharatpur is a small city and famous for its bird sanctuary - the Keoladeo Ghana National Park which is one of the best National Park in Asia. Today Bharatpur is ranked among the world's best bird sanctuaries which was once the hunting ground of the princes of Bharatpur. In 1956, this reserve was tuned into a sanctuary, though the Maharaja was allowed to hunt in this reserve till 1972. In 1981 the sanctuary was designated as a national park. Every year this park is visited by over 400 species of water birds including the exotic migratory birds from Central Asia, Afghanistan and Tibet and the rare Siberian cranes from Siberia.  The rare Siberian cranes come every year to spend the winter in the warmer climate of Bharatpur. Inspite of Bird Sanctuary Bharatpur is also well-known for its historical palaces and forts like the Lohagarh Fort, Jawahar Burj and Fateh Burj. Bharatpur is also known as Lohagarh and Eastern Gateway to Rajasthan.


Keoladeo Ghana National Park

History of Bharatpur

Bharatpur was founded by Maharaja Suraj Mal in 1733 AD. Bharatpur along with Dholpur and Deeg holds a prominent place in the history of Rajasthan. The history of Bharatpur outlines the rise and fall of Jat power in eastern Rajasthan. These Jats were active during the late 17th century and the rulers like Suraj Mal, Churaman and Badan Singh governed this region. Maharaja Suraj Mal took over from Khemkaran, the son of Rustam and established the Bharatpur town in 1743.. He fortified the city by building a massive wall around the city. He also built the Lohagarh Fort in the year 1732. This fort took about 60 years to complete and is still the focal point of the town. This fort shaped the history of Bharatpur. Finally in 1806 Dholpur came under the Jat rulers when it was handed over to Kirat Singh of Gohad. Dholpur thus became a princely state a vassal of the British.

The place was named as Bharatpur after the name of Bharat, the brother of Lord Rama, whose other brother Laxman was worshipped as the family deity of the Bharatpur.

Tourist Attraction in Bharatpur

The main tourist attraction in Bharatpur is the Bharatpur Bird sanctuary. Bharatpur Bird sanctuary is also known as Keoladeo Ghana National Park, it was established in 1956. Every year this park is visited by over 400 species of water birds including the striking migratory birds from Central Asia, Afghanistan, Tibet and the rare Siberian cranes from Siberia. This sanctuary is ranked among the world's best bird sanctuaries. Other prominent places in Bharatpur are the Jawahar Burj, Kishori Mahal, Government Museum, Ganga Mandir, Laxmi Vilas Palace, Nehru Bagh, Laxman Mandir, Fateh Burj and Lohagarh Fort.
 

Painted Stork

Sambar

Great Egret

Group Painted Stork

Lohagarh Fort

Lohagarh Fort (Iron fort) is located in Bharatpur in the State of Rajasthan. It was founded by Bharatpur Jat rulers. Maharaja Suraj Mal used all his wealth and power to a good cause and built several palaces and forts across his kingdom, one of them is the Lohagarh Fort (Iron fort), it was one of the strongest ever built in Indian history. The unreachable Lohagarh fort could withstand repeated attacks of British forces led by Lord Lake in 1805 when they laid siege for over six weeks. Having lost over 3000 soldiers, the British forces had to strike and retreat a compromise with the Bharatpur ruler. Lohargal Fort is very different from the other forts in Rajasthan state, there is no splendor associated with the fort but it generates an aura of magnificence and strength.
The fort is enclosed with moat which was previously filled with water to ward off the enemy attacks. The sandy fortifications were strengthened by sandy battlements thus the enemy guns proved of no avail. Some interesting monuments in the fort are Mahal Khas, Kothi Khas and Kishori Mahal. Moti Mahal and towers like Jawahar Burj and Fateh Burj were erected to honor the victory over the Mughals and the British army . The Gateway has paintings of huge elephants. There are two gates in the fort, one is in the north which is known as Ashtdhaatu (eight metalled) gate while the other one is facing the south which is called Chowburja (four-pillared) gate.

 
Construction of the Fort

Lohagarh Fort was founded by Bharatpur Jat rulers, true to its name it stood solidly in front of many British attacks and frustrated them to ends. Lohagarh Fort means 'Fort of Iron', and the fort was what its name suggested; almost impregnable. It was protected by deep moats on all sides, it was said that it could fall "only when a crocodile swallowed up all the water of the moat." It's obvious that the Jats did not believe in negligence. So, while lesser forts gave way more easily, Lohargarh stood firm, giving Bharatpur the security it needed.
The fort  is situated on an artificial island in the middle of the town with a somewhat forlorn look about it. Yet it is the focal point of Bharatpur today, just as it was of the town's history in the past. Lohagarh was probably inspired by the Mahi Durg (mud fort) as described in ancient Sanskrit scriptures. Founded by Maharaja Suraj Mal in 1732, it was completed only 60 years later. The strong point of this fort were its thick outer mud walls which lovingly absorbed all the firing from the British and Mughal armies. The cannon balls would sink into the mud only to be collected later and fired back at the enemy! These wonderful walls were about 7 km in length and took as many as eight years to complete. But sadly, the walls were broken down by the British when they took over the fort in 1826, though portions of the inner walls still remain.

 
Fort Museum
Today most of the fort is occupied by a museum and government offices. One thing which strikes one immediately about the architecture is the lack of ostentation; Lohargarh is definitely much simpler as far as paintings, carvings, and other decorations go. There is almost no room for unnecessary ornamentation with its emphasis on security and security only. It is functional and modest, which is perhaps something to do with the Jat way of life. Some of the residential chambers have some decorations but only very little.
 
Fort Palace
Inside the fort there are three palaces, Kamra Palace, the Palace of Badan Singh and Mahal Khas. Some interesting monuments in the fort are Kothi Khas, Mahal Khas and Kishori Mahal. Moti Mahal and towers like Fateh Burj and Jawahar Burj were erected to honor the victory over the British and the Mughals army.
 

Lohagarh Fort

Water Canel Outside of Fort Wall

Museum

Kishori Mahal

How to Reach Bharatpur

By Rail:
Bharatpur is directly connected with several cities on Delhi-Mumbai route with regular train services. Rail services also connects Bharatpur with Agra and Jaipur.

By Road:
A network of bus services links Bharatpur with several cities within and outside Rajasthan.

By Air:
The nearest airport from Bharatpur is Agra which is about 55 km.

 

You will visit “Bharatpur” during the below Tours of Rajasthan.

31 Days Rajasthan Tour (Including Bharatpur)
31 Days / 30 Nights

Delhi - Alwar - Deeg - Bharatpur - Fatehpur Sikri - Agra - Dholpur - Ranthambore - Tonk - Bundi - Jhalawar - Kota - Bijolia - Chittorgarh - Dungarpur - Banswara - Udaipur - Rajsamand - Nathdwara - Kumbhalgarh - Ranakpur - Mount Abu - Rohetgarh - Jodhpur - Jaisalmer - Bikaner -  Nagaur - Mandawa - Sikar - Jhunjhunu -Jaipur - Delhi

28 Days Rajasthan Heritage Tour (Including Bharatpur)
28 Days / 27 Nights
Delhi - Agra - Fatehpur Sikri - Bhandarej - Jaipur - Mandawa - Bikaner - Gajner - Jaisalmer - Jodhpur - Rohetgarh - Deogarh - Ranakpur - Mount Abu - Udaipur - Dungarpur - Chittorgarh - Kota - Ranthambore - Bharatpur - Delhi

24 Days Forts and Palaces Tour (Including Bharatpur)
24 Days / 23 Nights
Delhi - Agra - Fatehpur Sikri - Bhandarej - Jaipur - Mandawa - Bikaner - Gajner - Jaisalmer - Osian - Jodhpur - Ranakpur - Mount Abu - Udaipur - Kota - Ranthambore - Bharatpur - Delhi

11 Days Wildlife Tour (Including Bharatpur)
11 Days / 10 Nights
Delhi - Sariska - Jaipur - Ranthambore - Bharatpur - Fatehpur Sikri - Agra – Delhi

Rajasthan Buddhist Tour (Including Bharatpur)
23 Days / 22 Nights
Delhi - Samode - Nawalgarh - Khimsar - Osian - Jaisalmer - Pokaran - Jodhpur - Rohet - Daspan - Bera - Ranakpur - Deogarh - Udaipur - Dungarpur - Bijapur - Kota - Raj Mahal - Pachewar - Jaipur - Bhandarej - Karauli - Bharatpur - Delhi

 

Map of Bharatpur

 

 
 

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