Rajasthan Tour - Rajasthan Tourism - Ajmer Tour

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 Ajmer Tour
(3 Days / 2 Nights)
(Jaipur-Ajmer-Jaipur)

(to view the route of this tour on a Map please click here)


Day 01: Jaipur - Ajmer (about 130 km)

Arrival in Jaipur. Upon arrival transfer to
Ajmer.
 
    Hawa Mahal, Jaipur          Birla Mandir, Jaipur            Jal Mahal, Jaipur          Jal Mahal, Jaipur

Day 02: Ajmer
Sightseeing of Ajmer - Dargah Sharif, Ana Sagar Lake, Tara Garh fort and
Adhai Din ka Jhonpara.
 
Day 03: Ajmer - Jaipur (about 130 km)
Today we drive to Jaipur. Transfer to the airport or railway station for onwards journey. 
(End of Tour)
 
        City Place, Jaipur        Jantar Mantar, Jaipur            Dargah, Ajmer              Brahma Temple


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AJMER
One hundred and thirty-two kilometres (82 miles) south-east of Jaipur lies Ajmer in a beautiful valley surrounded by hills. Apart from its natural charms, Ajmer is a city of considerable historical, religious and architectural interest.


Ajmer derives its name from Ajayameru (the invincible hill). It is believed to have been founded by Ajaipal Chauhan in the 7th century. During Ajayaraja’s rule in the 12th century, Ajmer emerged as an important city. He contributed so much to the development and growth of Ajmer, by adding new palaces and temples, that he came to be regarded as the founder of the city. He built the fortress of Taragarh. Arnoraj, also called Anaji, constructed the Anasagar Bund. Prithviraj Chauhan was the last great Hindu ruler of North India before the Muslim conquest. The story of his romantic exploits and chivalrous deeds is contained in the famous bardic work, prithviraj Raso by Chandbardai.

After Prithviraj’s defeat at the hands of Muhammed Ghori, the latter sacked Ajmer in 1193. its peace was again disturbed during Timur’s hurricane invasion of India. Subsequently, it was seized by Rana Kumbha of Mewar and retained by him for a bridf period. From 1470 to 1531, it came under the domination of the Muslim rulers of Malwa till it was seized by Maldeo Rathor, ruler of Marwar. Later, Akbar the Great annexed it to the Mughul empire in 1556.

The great Mughul emperor, Akbar realised the strategic importance of Ajmer which then commanded the main routes from the north and held the key to the conquest of Rajputana and Gujarat. Accordingly, he made Ajmer the headquarters for his operations in the region and constituted it into a subah comprising a large part of modern Rajasthan. Akbar visited Ajmer in 1561 and 1568 for military operations. Later, in 1570, he came to the shrine of the great Muslim saint, Khwaja Muin-ud-Din Chishti, in fulfillment of a vow that he would undertake such a journey if a son was born to him. From this year till 1582, the great Emperor visited Ajmer every year to offer prayers at the Dargah.

Ajmer is connected with a series of remarkable events. It was at Ajmer that Sir Thomas Roe, the Ambassador of King James I of England, presented his credentials to Jahangir on January 10, 1616. Dara Shikoh, the eldest son of Shahjahan, was born there and the War of Succession among the sons of Shahjahan was won by Aurangzeb in the battle of Dorai near Ajmer in 1659. Shahjahan also paid frequent visits to Ajmer and erected the beautiful marble pavilions on the embankment of the Anasagar lake.

The city lies at the foot of the Taragarh hill which forms an imposing background. The crest of the hill rises to a height of about 243 m. (800 ft.) from its base and is encircled by the ancient Ajayameru Durg later called Taragarh fortress. An impregnable stronghold of the early Chauhans, it has witnessed many a historic battle in the past.

Adhai-din-ka-Jhonpra
At the foot of the Taragarh hill stands the Adhai-din-ka-Jhonpra, described as one of the most perfect and the most ancient specimens of Hindu architecture. “For gorgeous prodigality of ornament, beautiful richness of tracery, delicate sharpness of finish, laborious accuracy of workmanship, endless variety of detail, all of which are due to the Hindu masons, this building may justly vie with the noblest buildings which the world has yet produced.”
The building was originally constructed for a Sanskrit college, while the temple was built by Visaldeva Vigrahraj II in 1153. It was converted into a mosque by Muhammad Ghori who attacked Ajmer in 1192. The mosque consists of a quadrangle 61 m. (200 ft.) by 53 m. (175 ft
.) surrounded by cloisters. The liwan or the main sanctuary on the west consists of five rows of finely carved columns which support an elaborately ornamented ceiling. The ten domes in the roof are borne by 124 columns. The facade, consisting of a magnificent screen of seven arches is, however, its most notable feature and constitutes a work of great elegance and beauty. Added by Shams-ud-Din IItutmish (1211-36), it extends over a width of 61 m. (200 ft.) with its central parapet about 17 m. (56 ft.) high. Two short minarets with inscriptions rise above this arch at the corners. These have been acclaimed for the taste with which the Kufic and Tughra inscriptions are interwoven with the more purely architectural decorations. “Nothing”., according to Fergusson, “in Cairo or in Persia is so exquisite in detail, and nothing in Spain and Syria can approach them for beauty of surface decoration.”

According to one version, Adhai-din-ka-Jhonpra (two-and-a-half-day’s hut), is so known because Muhammad Ghori ordered that it should be ready for him to pray in two-and-a-half days. It is, however, more likely that it received this name in the later half of the 18th century, because of the fakirs who used to assemble here to celebrate the Urs of Panjab Shah which lasted for two-and-a-half days.

At the site of the mosque, six tablets of polished basalt, containing fragments of two important Sanskrit dramas, Harkeli Natak and Lalit Vigrahraj Natak in Devanagri characters, were discovered during an excavation in 1875-76. The first was composed by King Vigrahraj II and the second by his court poet, Somadev, in the 12th century. These tablets are exhibited in the Ajmer museum.

Dargah Khwaja Sahib
Nearby is the Dargah Khwaja Sahib, the most sacred of all the Muslim shrines in India. It comprises the mausoleum of Khwaja Muin-ud-Din Chishti, two mosques, an assembly hall (Mahfil Khana) and an imposing gateway (Buland Darwaza).

Near the main entrance is the red sandstone mosque built by Akbar. The 23 meters (75 ft.) high Buland Darwaza stands inside the main gateway of the Dargah. On either side of this gate are two giant cauldrons (degs) with a capacity of 2612.6 Kg. (70 mds.) and 1045.0 Kg. (28 mds.), respectively, fitted into masonry. During the annual Urs festival, a dainty preparation of rice is cooked in them for distribution among those whom custom entitles to it.

Khwaja Muin-ud-Din Chishti is regarded as the prince among the Muslim saints of India. Born in 1143, near Ghor in Afghanistan, the Khwaja reached Ajmer about 1190 where he settled down for the rest of his life. His fame spread far and wide and rich and poor alike were imbued with reverence for his renunciation, humanism and simplicity. He died in 1236 at the age of 97, and his body was laid to rest at the foot of Taragarh.

In 1464, a tomb was built over his remains by the son of Sultan Mahmud Khilji of Mandu. It was in Akbar’s reign, however, that the Dargah came into prominence. He endowed the Dargah and built the Akbari mosque. Jahangir also built a small mosque, now called Sandal Khana, while Shahjahan was responsible for the big dome over the mausoleum and the splendid Jama Masjid in white marble.

The celebration of Urs at the Dargeh of Khwaja Muin-ud-Din Chishti takes place every year from the 1st to the 6th of the Muslim month of Rajab when pilgrims from all parts of the country, and even outside, gather in large numbers to offer worship at the shrine.

Akbar’s fort (1571-72), commonly known as the Magazine, is situated in the heart of the city. The massive square structure with octagonal bastions at each corner, was built by Akbar for his stay during his frequent visits to Ajmer. The imposing gateway, 26 m. (84 ft.) long and 13 m. (43 ft.) wide, is flanked by balconies on either side. It was here that Sir Thomas Roe, the ambassador of King James I of England, presented his credentials to Emperor Jahangir on January 10, 1616.

The central building inside the Fort now houses the Museum which has a fine collection of sculptures from various ancient sites in Rajasthan, inscriptions, coins and paintings.

Anasagar
Few sights in Ajmer afford the same delight to a visitor as the entrancing beauty of Anasagar, an artificial lake formed by raising a huge embankment between two hills. It was constructed by the Chauhan king Arnoraj or Anaji, grandfather of Prithviraj, between 1135 and 1150. Anaji is said to have killed a large number of his enemies at this spot and in order to wash the site of the terrible bloodshed, he has filled it with water by damming up a river. The result was the birth of Anasagar. Jahangir was so fascinated with the beauty of the spot that he laid out a garden, Dualat Bagh, below the embankment. Shahjahan further beautified the place by constructing the 378 m. (1,240 ft.) long marble parapet on the
embankment and five elegant pavilions of polished white marble.

 
 

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Tourist Attractions
Brahma Temple || Brijraj Bhawan Palace || Chambal Garden || City Palace (Jaipur) || City Palace (Udaipur) || Dargah Sharif || Dilwara Temple || Fatehpur Sikri || Gajner Palace || Hawa Mahal || Jag Mandir || Jantar Mantar || Karni Mata Temple || Kota Fort || Lake Palace || Ludurwa Temple || Nathdwara Temple || Nakki Lake || Neemrana Fort Palace || Patwon ki Haveli || Pushkar Lake || Rambagh Palace || Ranakpur Jain Temples || Rao Madho Singhji Museum || Sam Sand Dunes || Siliserh Lake Palace   || Umaid Bhawan Palace || Umed Bhawan Palace   

Forts & Palaces
Amber Fort || Bala Kila || Chittorgarh Fort || Jaigarh Fort || Jaisalmer Fort || Junagarh Fort || Kota Fort || Kumbhalgarh Fort || Lohagarh Fort || Mehrangarh Fort || Taragarh Fort

Museums & Art Galleries
Ajmer Government Museum || Ajmer Archaeological Museum || Albert Hall Museum || Alwar Government Museum || Bharatpur Government Museum || Dungarpur Museum || Fateh Prakash Palace Museum || Hawa Mahal Museum || Jaisalmer Folklore Museum || Jaisalmer Government Museum || Jodhpur Government Museum || Kota Government Museum || Kota Archaeological Museum || Maharaja Sawai Man Singh Museum || Modern Art Gallery || Shilp Gram || Udaipur City Palace Museum || Udaipur Government Museum || Virat Nagar Museum

National Parks & Wildlife Sanctuaries
 Bhensrod Garh Sanctuary || Darrah Sanctuary || Desert National Park || Jaisamand Sanctuary || Keoladeo Ghana National Park || Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary || Mount Abu Sanctuary || Ranthambore National Park || Sariska National Park || Chambal Sanctuary || Sitamata Sanctuary || Talchappar Sanctuary

Adventure Sports
Ballooning || Bicycling || Camel Safari || Camel Polo || Camping || Cart Races || Desert Rallies || Desert Safari || Elephant Safari || Elephant Polo || Gliding || Golf || Horse Safari || Horse Polo || Jeep Safari || Kite-flying || Para-Sailing || Tonga Races || Trekking || Vintage Car Rally

Festivals
Ajmer Urs || Baneshwar Fair || Brij Festival || Camel Festival || Chaksu Fair || Desert Festival || Elephant Festival || Gangaur Festival ||  Mewar Festival || Marwar Festival || Nagaur Fair || Pushkar Fair || Summer Festival || Teej Festival  

Dances
Ghoomar || Gair || Chari Dance || Kachhi Ghodi || Fire Dance || Bhavai || Drum Dance || Kathak || Kathputli || Sapera Dance ||
Terah Tali


More Information
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